Previous studies document that age at immigration and generational status predict socioeconomic outcomes among children of immigrants. Whether these characteristics are related to mortality is unknown. Leveraging variation within sib-ships, we evaluated the association of age at immigration and generational status (first or second) with mortality among children of immigrant mothers to Sweden. Data included 133,819 sib-ships aged 15+ from the total Swedish population followed during 1990-2009. Population-average and sibling fixed-effect regressions were estimated; the latter controlling for unobserved factors shared by siblings. Models indicated that the foreign born experienced 17% higher mortality compared to their Swedish-born siblings. This excess risk was evident for external and non-external causes of death. This study provides robust evidence that among children of immigrants being foreign born was associated with a long-term mortality penalty compared to being born in the host country.
Presented in Session 4. Migration and Health/Well-being