By 2050, the global urban population is projected to increase by 60%, with most of this increase expected in resource-poor cities in the Global South. As Asia and Africa become majority-urban, virtually all of the population increase is expected to accrue to slums. The population increase has two main sources: growing families of current slum residents, and migration. Drawing on a new 10,000 household survey in 300 slums in three Indian cities, we examine current slum demographics along two dimensions: migrant status and gender. We find significant variation along these two dimensions, corresponding to differences in economic and health outcomes. Notably, we find substantial differences compared to official government statistics.
Presented in Session 7. Migration & Urbanization