Unmet Need for Family Planning in the Context of Migration: Analysis of Ethiopia 2017 PMA2020 Survey Data

Emily Groene , University of Minnesota
Devon Kristiansen, Minnesota Population Center

Migration may influence family planning in low-resource settings. We examine unmet need for family planning and migration history in Ethiopia using the 2017 sample of the IPUMS PMA survey. We describe women’s characteristics by internal migration history and run a model to determine internal migration’s effect on Ethiopian women’s unmet need for family planning. We find internal migrants are on average more educated and wealthy than non-migrants. Non-migrants experience more unmet need for family planning and access health care less than internal migrants. In our multilevel logistic regression model controlling for urban location, geographic region, partnered status, wealth, education level, health facility visits, ever given birth, and religion, women who had never migrated had 1.58 times the odds of unmet need for family planning, compared to internal migrant women. This motivates further research on family planning needs of rural, non-migrant women in low-resource settings.

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 Presented in Session 226. Trends, Determinants, Consequences, and Measurement of Unmet Need