Among people under 30 years old, drowning is one of the leading causes of death from unintentional injury. There are also striking racial disparities in drowning; in 1999 to 2010, the African American drowning rate was 1.4 times the white drowning rate and the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) drowning rate was 2 times the white drowning rate. The AI/AN rate is higher than both the African American and Latino drowning rate, but there is an alarming lack of research on AI/AN drowning. Of particular concern, while the overall drowning rate has declined nationally, in the last five years the female AI/AN drowning rate has spiked. In this project, we first seek to accurately describe the geographic patterns of AI/AN drowning rates. We then will identify what policies, practices, economic changes, and geographic factors are associated with the AI/AN drowning disparity, particularly the recent increase in AI/AN women who have drowned.
Presented in Session 76. Flash Session: Unpacking Associations Between Race/Ethnicity and Health