Housing, Neighborhood Stability, and Demographic Change: Assessing the Relationship Between Housing Dynamics, Neighborhood Change, and Stability Over Time, Los Angeles County, 2007–2013

Seth Williams , University of California, Irvine
John Hipp, University of California, Irvine

Past research has established a link between residential stability and community outcomes including crime, collective efficacy and organizational participation; and individual outcomes including both physical and mental health. While prior research has focused on factors which shape individual mobility, the present study takes a decidedly macro-level approach and seeks to better understand the factors which shape neighborhood stability by focusing on the role of housing dynamics. Further, we assess the degree to which housing characteristics contribute to neighborhood demographic change and inequality over time. We combine data from multiple sources to examine the effect of foreclosures, evictions, new housing development, home sales, Low Income Housing Tax Credit construction, and changes in rents on both neighborhood stability and change. We estimate multi-group latent trajectory models for all Census tracts in Los Angeles County (N= 2,339) for 2007 to 2013, during the height of the housing crisis, recession and subsequent recovery.

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 Presented in Session 3. Change and Stability in American Neighborhood