Fertility Transition and Development Pattern in Districts of India, 2001–2016

Sanjay Mohanty, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Sayantani Chatterjee

Using data from multiple sources over last 15 years, this paper examine the fertility and development relationship in 640 districts of India. The total fertility rate (TFR) is the dependent variable and has been estimated for 2001 and 2015-16 using data from census of India, 2001 and National Family Health Survey, 2015-16. A set of nine indicators in the domain of health, knowledge and standard of living has been used to compute a district development index (DDI), similar to human development index. Descriptive statistics, ordinary regression analyses and panel regression are used in the analyses. Result suggest limited converge of fertility level in districts of India. The association of fertility level and development is strong and consistent over time. However, the regional pattern of fertility and development is evident. We did not find any strong evidence on shift in fertility and development relationship in districts of India.

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 Presented in Session 10. Fertility, Family Planning, Sexual Behavior & Reproductive Health 2