Is Permanent Employment, During the Years of the Great Recession, a Fertility Trigger in Southern Europe?

Diego Ramiro-Fariñas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
Francisco Viciana, Institute of Statistics and Cartography of Andalusia
Stanislao Mazzoni , Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

This paper aims to study how working condition affect the timing of family formation and reproductive dynamics in Southern Europe during the recent economic crisis. The focus is on the region of Andalusia, an area of Spain that like the entire Country during the last decades has reached a very low level of fertility. According to Ramiro and colleagues (2017), Andalusia during the Great Recession has shown a strong reduction in the reproductive behavior even if the decline has particularly affected unemployed with weak economic security while women with a permanent job have experimented an increase in the likelihood of having a child. Using a micro analytical approach based on Event History Analysis technique we will test the hypothesis that a permanent employment has a positive effect on the timing of fertility, especially at advanced reproductive ages.

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 Presented in Session 1. Fertility, Family Planning, Sexual Behavior, & Reproductive Health 1