Childlessness and Its Association With Fertility in India: A Spatio-Temporal Analysis

Adrita Banerjee
Abhishek Singh, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

Infertility or childlessness is an issue of global concern. Though childlessness has been an essential feature of the population of the developed world, the situation is altogether different in developing country like India. Childlessness has increased remarkably in India (WHO, 1995). Thus using data from Census of India 2001 and 2011, this paper tries to make a spatial analysis of childlessness at the district level in India and its association with fertility. The result indicates that for the last two decades (2001 and 2011) there is a high-high association of childlessness in the southern states and low-low association in the districts of the northwestern and northern states. Both the spatial error model and fixed effect model indicates that there is an inverse relation of childlessness and TFR. Thus a spatial analysis of childlessness and its relation with fertility throws some light on the much-unexplored area in India context.

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 Presented in Session 10. Fertility, Family Planning, Sexual Behavior & Reproductive Health 2