Population Aging and Mortality Behavior in Brazil, 2000–2050

José Gustavo Medeiros
Viviane Dutra, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ)
José Henrique Monteiro da Silva, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Natália Arruda
Luciana C. Alves, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Livia Santiago, UFRJ
Raphael Guimaraes

Objective: to describe the process of population aging in Brazil and its mortality trends between 2000 and 2050. Methods: We collected data from Brazilian demographic census and mortality information system and obtained aging indicators and studied mortality compression between 2020 – 2050. Results: We could observe population ageing and demographic momentum in Brazil. There is a declining in birth rates, and Brazil began to present an older age structure. It can be reflected on some ageing indicators, such as dependency ratio, ageing index and life expectancy. Also, indicators of mortality compression show the shifting trend of deaths towards more advanced ages, and some phenomena are described, such as survival curve rectangularization, reduction of the variability of age at death and increasing mean age of death. Conclusion: Changes in age structure have occurred rapidly in Brazil and require rapid and adequate responses through the implementation of fundamental public policies.

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 Presented in Session 6. Health & Mortality & Aging