A Retrospective Cohort Analysis of Family Planning Behaviour in India

Ajay Gupta , International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Vaishali Chaurasia, International institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Dinesh Chaurasiya, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

The present paper describes in detail one major aspect of the Indian fertility transition: the spread of family planning(FP) behavior between 1983 and 2016. We have conceptualize the transition in the control of marital fertility as a process that begins with minimal levels of birth control which has takes place both within and across marriage cohorts. So, We have examined changes in levels of ever- use of FP(contraception, abortion and sterilization) over time and assess impact of martial behaviour. The data from four rounds of National-Family-Health-Survey(NFHS), India was pooled to construct marital cohorts. A trend analysis was performed using Cochran-Mantel-Haentzel(CMH) test on cohorts married along with Bi-variate and multivariate analysis. We have found that ever use of contraception has decreased across the marital cohorts, even terminated pregnancy and Sterilization has decreased significantly. Effects are probably produced by the rapid introduction of several modern methods of FP by a national programs.

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 Presented in Session 1. Fertility, Family Planning, Sexual Behavior, & Reproductive Health 1