Fertility in Nigeria: Levels, Patterns, and Associated Factors

Alawode Abel

In many sub-Saharan African societies, fertility is inextricably linked with marriage but recently this link is becoming weaker as births now occur outside of marriage. This is due to the reducing or constant marriage rates in many countries as more women are becoming emancipated. Non-marital fertility is associated with a number of disadvantages for both the mothers and the children born if necessary policies and programs are not available to cushion the effects. Non-marital fertility has not received much intellectual attention in Nigeria. Hence, the purpose of this study is to examine the level, patterns and correlates of non-marital fertility in Nigeria. Using the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Survey data (n= 9,195), the data was analyzed and the results showed that the level of non-marital fertility is low in Nigeria, determinants of non-marital fertility are age, level of education, ethnic group and place of residence. Recommendations have been made.

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 Presented in Session 1. Fertility, Family Planning, Sexual Behavior, & Reproductive Health 1