Estimating Annual Unmet Need in India Using Intention to Use Contraception From NFHS 4

Faujdar Ram, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Niranjan Saggurti, Population Council
Abhishek Kumar , Population Council

Unmet need and intention to use in next 12 months has been used to estimate annual unmet in India using NFHS 4 conducted in 2015-16. It has been observed that out of total unmet need 12.85 % in India (32 million) only 7.18 (18 million) intend to use contraception; 56% of total women categorized as having unmet need. It is further seen that 5.31% of women having unmet need intend to use contraception in next 12 months. It means that of total unmet 13 million of have no intention to have children (soon or never) and also have intention to use contraception in next 12 months. This estimate may be seen against annual performance in terms of annual acceptors (equivalent sterilization) in India which was little above 7 million in 2014-15. It is noted that 81% of limiters and 69% spacers intend to do so in next 12 months.

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 Presented in Session 1. Fertility, Family Planning, Sexual Behavior, & Reproductive Health 1