Ther Aung , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Robert Bailis, Stockholm Environment Institute
Thabbie Chilongo, Lilongwe University of Agriculture & Natural Resources
Adrian Ghilardi, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Pamela Jagger, University of Michigan
Charles Jumbe, Lilongwe University of Agriculture & Natural Resources
Energy poverty among the ultra-poor presents a particularly vexing problem due to lack of investment capital in household energy. In Malawi, a novel intervention distributed fuel-efficient stove (FES) to ultra-poor and labour-constrained households. Our research questions are: 1) what is the extent of energy access/poverty among the ultra-poor compared to better-off households; and 2) does use of FES reduce fuelwood consumption and time spent collecting fuelwood and cooking? We implemented a longitudinal non-experimental comparison group design and present analyses from baseline and one midline data collection round. We conducted a difference-in-difference model in the generalized linear model framework. At baseline, we observe statistically significant differences in grid electricity access (4% and 11%) and FES ownership (16% vs. 29%) between ultra-poor and better-off households respectively. The DD estimators were not significantly different between control and treatment groups for fuel use, and time spent cooking or collecting fuelwood.
Presented in Session 121. Population Processes, the Environment, and Energy