Demographers and policymakers have longstanding concerns about the below replacement level fertility rate in China. China relaxed its one-child policy among some population groups in 2013 and adopted a universal two-child policy in 2016. This study examines the results of the 2013 policy change, focusing on its implication for the fertility decisions of ethnic minority couples living in urban areas. Using the Chinese Family Panel Studies, I show that while the 2013 relaxation on the one-child policy increased the likelihood of couples having a second birth, it did not have a significant impact among ethnic minority couples.
Presented in Session 10. Fertility, Family Planning, Sexual Behavior & Reproductive Health 2