African American women in the United States are 3.4 times more likely to die during pregnancy, 2.3 times more likely to have a fetal loss, and 1.6 times more likely to have a preterm birth when compared with non-Hispanic white women. We use a population-wide dataset from New Jersey with information on individual births, hospitals, and physicians for the years 1997 to 2011 to evaluate the potential effects of the attending physician’s race/ethnicity in maternal and infant health outcomes among ~150,000 African American mothers. We approximate physician’s race/ethnicity using data from the Census Bureau on frequently occurring surnames for the years 2000 and 2010. Using logistic regression, we present preliminary results for the following outcomes: preeclampsia, prolonged labor, maternal death, low birthweight, fetal distress and infant jaundice. Our results provide support that the matching of physicians and patients race/ethnicity could affect conditions that are more prevalent among African American mothers.
Presented in Session 5. Health & Mortality 1