U.S. society is marked by extensive racial/ethnic socio-economic inequality. Despite the considerable insights of prior research, however, our understanding of contemporary racial/ethnic stratification remains limited, especially in terms of how race/ethnicity intersects with sex and immigrant status. Drawing on 2011-2015 American Community Survey data, we investigate income inequality by race/ethnicity, sex, and nativity among full-time, full-year workers in the American Southwest—a diverse and economically dynamic region. Our analyses reveal discernible group-level inequalities suggestive of depressed mobility, closure, and race/ethnic- and sex-based hierarchy—patterns which highlight the embedded character of assimilation and economic outcomes within contexts of constraint. Yet we also find heterogeneity across both race/ethnicity and sex. We discuss our findings in light of their empirical and theoretical implications toward understanding patterns and processes of group inequality and economic stratification.
Presented in Session 7. Migration & Urbanization