Vulnerable Youth: Public Assistance and Food Security, Comparison Between Mediterranean Area 1900-1940 and Sub-Saharan Africa 1980—2020

Margarita Gonzalvo-Cirac , Universitat Internacional Catalunya (UIC)
Victoria Roque Sanchez, Researcher
Begoña Gonzalvo, Researcher

From the Demographic and Epidemiological Transition, conceptual framework of our research, we propose what happened in Mediterranean Area between 1900 and 1940 and Sub-Saharan Africa 1980-2020. In Mediterranean Area, the decline in child mortality was very fast. In most developing countries, rising levels of nutrition and improvements in public health have led to declines in infant mortality. In Sub-Saharan Africa has seen large reductions in infant mortality over the last forty years, but without any increase in protein and energy intake and with poor public assistance. This research on emerging adults examines the transition to adulthood in Mediterranean Area and Sub-Saharan Africa, with an emphasis on how spatial and times inequalities are associated with other key life events, such as family formation and educational attainment. This subject of research also has some focus on rural and urban variability of these processes.

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 Presented in Session 2. Children & Youth